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Total Illinois Budget Deficit Set to Grow in FY2012

Posted on September 26, 2011

Major Tax Increase, Cuts to Appropriations Did Not Fix State’s Finances

(CHICAGO) The Institute for Illinois’ Fiscal Sustainability at the Civic Federation released its analysis of the enacted FY2012 State budget today. The report found that the spending plan will increase Illinois’ total general operating deficit to $5.0 billion by June 2012. The shortfall would be even larger if the State had not significantly underfunded Medicaid costs and business tax refunds. The full 56-page report is available at

The $5.0 billion projected year-end General Funds deficit includes an accumulated deficit from prior years of $4.6 billion and a FY2012 operating gap between revenues and expenditures of $454 million. However, FY2012 Medicaid costs are underfunded by as much as $1.7 billion. A loophole in the State’s budgetary law allows lawmakers to pay FY2012 Medicaid expenses in FY2013, effectively pushing current year expenditures off into the next fiscal year. The FY2012 budget also does not set aside enough income tax revenue to pay down a backlog of refunds the State owes to businesses, thus boosting the amount of revenue Illinois can spend on its operations.

The State is expected to end FY2012 with $5.5 billion in unpaid bills to vendors and local governments. An additional multi-billion dollar payment backlog exists that is related to business tax refunds, employee and retiree health care and Medicaid. “While the budget process was somewhat improved this year, the Civic Federation cannot say the State of Illinois is better off,” said Laurence Msall, president of the Civic Federation. “By the end of FY2012, the State will have a payment backlog that could require over eight billion dollars in State money to pay off. The State’s finances have not been fixed.”

While the State has decreased agency appropriations by $298 million or 1.2% since FY2008, these efforts were more than offset by an increase in pension contributions of $1.98 billion and increased debt service costs of $1.14 billion on pension obligation bonds over the same time period. Fully 17.4% of the General Funds budget of $33.6 billion in FY2012 will go to pension-related payments.

“This budget plainly demonstrates the need for further pension reform by the State of Illinois,” said Msall. “Neither dramatic increases in revenue nor painful cuts to appropriations were enough to offset the increased costs imposed on the State by its underfunded pensions.” The Federation continues to urge the General Assembly and Governor to explore changes to pension benefits not yet earned by current employees as a way to reduce the cost of the pension program and set the State on a more fiscally sound path.

The full analysis of the FY2012 State of Illinois enacted budget includes a concise summary of over six months of budget negotiations and detailed descriptions of trends associated with the deficit, revenues, expenditures and debt.

The Institute for Illinois’ Fiscal Sustainability at the Civic Federation is made possible by a generous grant from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. The Institute’s mission is to improve the State’s decision-making process by providing timely fiscal policy analysis and recommendations to State officials, the media, and the public through education and digital outreach. Please visit for more information.

Read the complete report here.